The Cost of War
       
     
 The Yazidi wedding of Amera and Samir took place in a small clearing outside of the Bajad Kandala displacement camp in Iraqi Kurdistan. An atmosphere of joy and hope descended as the crowd of several hundred from the Yazidi community danced and sang for hours honoring the newlywed couple.   At the end of the night, as the last glimmer of sun disappeared into the Kurdish landscape, the crowd dispersed and families slowly began to walk the several hundred yards back to the camp and to the tents they have called “home” for nearly the past five years.   Each of the nearly 9,000 individuals who live in the camp are displaced Yazidis from Shingal, Iraq. In August 2014 ISIS attacked the city, killing thousands and taking just as many into captivity; those who were able to escape now largely live amongst the twenty-three displacement camps spread across Iraqi Kurdistan. A persecuted ethno-religious minority, the Yazidis are unable to return to Sinjar due to a lack of security and near complete destruction of the city. Quickly approaching five years after the initial siege the future for the tens of thousands of Yazidis is, at best, uncertain.
       
     
 One of the many consequences of human displacement is the disruption of education for children and adults alike. When in Mosul I remember meeting many, similar in age to myself, who had no choice but to abandon their studies when ISIS took hold of the city.  For the Yazidis displaced from Sinjar in August 2014 the story is similar — despite efforts from (some) NGOs and individual volunteers, education halted as people were forced to flee and has yet to resume the regularity or attendance that existed in Sinjar. in the Bajad Kandala camp in Iraqi Kurdistan one school operates and the majority of educational efforts are being made by volunteers, other displaced Yazidis also living with the camp.
       
     
 A survey conducted in two districts surrounding the city of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) found women in rural areas spend an average of eight to nine hours per day doing agricultural work, three to four hours performing domestic work and two hours fetching water and gathering firewood. Though expected to cover most household expenses, women do not have equal land rights, are often restricted to selling lower value produce and have little access to farming resources, training and markets. As one stated: “The woman is seen only as a producer or a worker for the family. The whole weight of the family hangs over her because she works more than the man…the woman is a tractor.”  In these outlying districts women work from sun up to sun down and make approximately $1.25 per day. Though pay is low and the labor strenuous, most women express gratitude because the opportunity to work allows each to educate and feed their children. They are made of but grit and grace.
       
     
Forced From Home
       
     
 nyctophilia: (n.) an affinity for darkness or night; finding relaxation and comfort in the darkness  I walk in the night to better understand the day.